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Wednesday, June 1, 2011

Discovery and Invention In Medical Science

S.No
Discovery / Invention
Year
Discoverer / Inventor
Country
1
Adrenaline
1894
Schafer and Oliver
Britain
2
Anesthesia, Local
1885
Koller
Austria
3
Anesthesia, Spinal
1898
Bier
Germany
4
Anti-toxins (Science of Immunity)
1890
Behring and Kitasato
Germany, Japan
5
Aspirin
1889
Dreser
Germany
6
Ayurveda
2000-1000 BC

India
7
Bacteria
1683
Leeuwenhock
Netherlands
8
Bacteriology
1872
Ferdinand Cohn
Germany
9
Biochemistry
1648
Jan Baptista Van Helmont
Belgium
10
Blood Plasma storage (Blood bank)
1940
Drew
U.S.A
11
Blood Transfusion
1625
Jean-Baptiste Denys
France
12
Cardiac Pacemaker
1932
A.S Hyman
U.S.A
13
CAT Scanner
1968
Godfrey Hounsfield
Britain
14
Chemotherapy
1493-1541
Paracelsus
Switzerland
15
Chloroform as anaesthetic
1847
James Simpson
Britain
16
Chloromycetin
1947
Burkholder
U.S.A
17
Cholera T.B germs
1877
Robert Koch
Germany
18
Circulation of blood
1628
William Harvey
Britain
19
Cryo-Surgery
1953
Henry Swan
U.S.A
20
Diphtheria germs
1883-84
Klebs and Loffler
Germany
21
Electro-Cardiograph
1903
Willem Einthoven
Netherlands
22
Electro-encephalogram
1929
Hand Berger
Germany
23
Embryology
1792-1896
Kari Ernest Van Baer
Estonia
24
Endocrinology
1902
Bayliss and Starling
Britain
25
First Test Tube Baby
1978
Steptoe and Edwards
Britain
26
Gene Therapy on humans
1980
Martin Clive
U.S.A
27
Genes associated with cancer
1982
Robert Weinberg and others
U.S.A
28
Heart Transplant Surgery
1967
Christian Barnard
S. Africa
29
Histology
1771-1802
Marie Bichat
France
30
Hypodermic syringe
1853
Alexander wood
Britain
31
Kidney Machine
1944
Kolf
Netherlands
32
Leprosy Bacillus
1873
Hansen
Norway
33
LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide)
1943
Hoffman
Switzerland
34
Malaria Germs
1880
Laveran
France
35
Morphine
1805
Friderich Sertumer
Germany
36
Neurology
1758-1828
Franz Joseph Gall
Germany
37
Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging
1971
Raymond Damadian
U.S.A
38
Open Heart Surgery
1953
Walton Lillehel
U.S.A
39
Oral Contraceptive Pills
1955
Gregory Pincus, Rock
U.S.A
40
Penicillin
1928
Alexander Fleming
Britain
41
Physiology
1757-66
Albrecht Von Haller
Switzerland
42
Positron emission Tomography
1978
Louis Sokoloff
U.S.A
43
Rabies Vaccine
1860
Louis Pasteur
France
44
Recombinant-DNA technology
1972-73
Paul Berg, H.W. Boyer,S Cohen
U.S.A
45
Reserpine
1949
Jal Vakil
India
46
Rh-factor
1940
Karl Landsteiner
U.S.A
47
Serology
1884-1915
Paul Ehrlich
Germany
48
Sex hormones
1910
Eugen Steinach
Australia
49
Small Pox eradicated
1980
W.H.O Declaration
UN
50
Stethoscope
1819
Rene Laennec
France
51
Streptomycin
1944
Selman Waksmann
U.S.A
52
Synthetic Antigens
1917
Landsteiner
U.S.A
53
Terramycin
1950
Finlay and Others
U.S.A
54
Thyroxin
1919
Edward Calvin-Kendall
U.S.A
55
Typhus Vaccine
1909
J. Nicolle
France
56
Vaccination
1796
Edward Jenner
Britain
57
Vaccine, Measles
1963
Enders
U.S.A
58
Vaccine, Meningitis
1987
Gardon, et al. Connaught Lab
U.S.A
59
Vaccine, Polio
1954
Jonas Salk
U.S.A
60
Vaccine, Polio-orai
1960
Albert Sabin
U.S.A
61
Vaccine, Rabies
1885
Louis Pasteur
France
62
Vaccine, Smallpox
1776
Jenner
Britain
63
Virology
1892
Ivanovski and Bajernick
USSR, Netherlands
64
Vitamin A
1913
Mc Collum and M. Davis
U.S.A
65
Vitamin B1
1936
Minot and Murphy
U.S.A
66
Vitamin C
1919
Froelich Holst
Norway
67
Vitamin D
1925
Mc Collum
U.S.A
68
Vitamin K
1938
Doisy Dam
U.S.A
69
Western Scientific Therapy
460-370 BC
Hippocrates
Greece
70
Yoga
200-100 BC
Patanjali
India


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